Gum and bone disease, known as periodontal disease, is responsible for bone loss around teeth. Symptoms include bleeding gums, bad breath, and swollen gums that are red in appearance. Many adults are not even aware that they have this disease, which can over time cause irreversible bone loss or tooth loss. At our Prospect, KY dental office, we screen every patient for signs of periodontal disease and assess your current risk.
Gum disease and bone loss does not happen over night. A proper diagnosis and treatment plan can arrest and prevent further periodontal disease.
Periodontal disease means disease around the tooth, referring to the supporting bone and gum tissues. Sometimes periodontal defects manifest as “pockets” in the space between the tooth and gum. The larger the pocket, the larger the infection, and the greater the risk.
Treatment of periodontal pockets with a deep cleaning therapy called scaling and root planing (SRP) cleans and eliminates bacterias in areas that would be impossible to clean otherwise. This treatment is vital to slow the infected tissue from progressing to full bone and tooth loss.
Gum disease is also associated with other health issues such as heart attack, diabetes, stroke, and premature babies. We recommend that all patients with a history or family history of cardiovascular disease, stroke, or diabetes, as well as pregnant women, receive a thorough periodontal examination.